Our Programmes

Working Equine Outreach

Shocked to see the conditions of thousands of donkeys, mules and horses working in the brick factories of Kathmandu Valley, Animal Nepal (AN) launched a Working Equine Outreach Programme in 2009. Since then, with the support of The Donkey Sanctuary UK, AN has been working in over 15 brick factories in Lalitpur (seasonal industry running for 6 months every year), where it organizes regular health camps and educates the owners, handlers and factory owners on equine welfare. The condition of the 500 or so working equines in the 15 brick factories in Lalitpur has improved considerably with 55% decrease in wounds over a 5 year working period (Annual Report 2015-2016).

In addition to the equine welfare education workshops, AN also provides skill based training for the equine owners and their families to enhance their economic situation. This undertaking was carried out while extending AN’s outreach programme to Nepalgunj- Nepal’s main equine bazaar (as well as home for most equine owners coming to Lalitpur). Based on our Mountain Mule survey and Brick Kiln Survey conducted in late 2015, AN has plans to extend its working area for the equine outreach programme to the brick factories of Dhading and Kavre as well as for mountain mules of Gorkha in 2017.

Animal Nepal was the first animal welfare organization to work in the brick-kilns of Nepal and our work continues to expand.

Objective of our Working Equines Outreach Programme:

  • To improve the conditions of working donkeys, mules and horses.
  • To educate donkey owners, handlers and kiln owners on equine welfare and management.
  • To build the capacity of relevant stakeholders.

Our Target for 2016:

  1. To reach out to 700 working equines directly and 1300 indirectly.
  2. To educate 50 equine owners and 300 handlers about equine management.
  3. To conduct 2 workshops on working equine welfare and management with brick factory owners.
  4. To organize 6 workshops to enhance the socio economic condition of the equine user group.

To learn more about our Working Equine Outreach Programme, click on the links below:

A. Health Clinics

B. Community Education and Trainings

C. Godavari Donkey Sanctuary


Donkey Sanctuary

Godavari Donkey Sanctuary was constructed with the help of Brigitte Bardot Foundation in 2009. Rescued sick and handicapped equines are taken to the Sanctuary. Among the rescued ones, some are blind, others lame or severely malnourished. After a life of abuse, we provide them with well deserved retirement, including good nutrition and ongoing treatment. Most residents are financially supported by individual sponsors through Animal Aid Abroad Australia. Some are even luckier and are adopted by local families and resorts, where they live their remaining days in comfort. Currently we have 24 beautiful and healthy equines living happily at our sanctuary.

Since 2009, we have rescued over 75 equines from various brick factories of Lalitpur.


Humane dog population management programme


Before the intervention of Animal Nepal, overpopulation of stray dogs in Lalitpur district had been dealt in an inhumane and ineffective manner (through culling and poisoning). In 2010, we initiated humane, effective and sustainable solutions to the problem: i) sterilization of stray dogs; ii) treatment; iii) vaccination; and iv)community education. In order to further increase our efficiency and effectiveness, we launched a Mobile Treatment Programme in 2016.

Objectives of the programme:

  • CNVR programme in shelter and communities
  • Treatment and rehabilitation of sick and injured community dogs
  • Anti Rabies Vaccination (ARV)
  • Community education programme


Working Elephant Outreach

Around 200 domesticated elephants are employed in anti poaching units and safari tourism. Aiming to act and campaign for better conditions for both elephants and their caretakers, we launched our Working Elephant Outreach Programme in 2014.

Together with authorities and entrepreneurs, we promote the welfare of privately owned elephants.  We conduct research and work directly with owners to create examples of good practices, such as chain free corrals and ‘humane safaris’.


In 2011, we initiated the drafting of a model Animal Welfare Act which was handed over to Ms. Shanta Chaudhary, Chair of the Natural Resource Committee.

In 2014, we signed a MOU with office of the Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City (LSMC) to conduct humane dog management programme in Lalitpur District. Before this, stray dogs were being exterminated through culling (by poisoning or beating them to death).Through our humane dog management programme, we introduced effective and sustainable solutions to the problem: i) sterilization of stray dogs; ii) treatment; iii) vaccination; and iv) community education. We also committed to reach at least 75% coverage with dogs spayed and neutered in LSMC’s 22 wards.

In 2014, we started a petition on change.org against the cruel treatment of equines in the brick kiln industry. The petition garnered immense support with 151,782 signatures and was handed over to the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Agriculture, and Ministry of Industries. Consequently, the President’s Office and the Ministry of Industry instructed all the registered brick kilns owners to stop equine abuse in their factories.

In 2016, at the initiation of Animal Nepal, the Ministry of Livestock Development formed a committee to draft the ‘Working Animal Directive’. Animal Nepal was represented in this committee by our President Pramada Shah. The directive has been developed and submitted to the relevant authorities for final adoption.

We have been advocating with the government for the formation of an Animal Welfare Board and to formulate an ‘Animal Welfare Act’.

We continue to vigorously advocate with the Ministry of Livestock Development, Department of Livestock, The Veterinary Council, Municipalities, International development organizations and other relevant organizations for the formation of relevant laws and policies. We also work actively to ensure the implementation of existing laws and policies for animal welfare.



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